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Ellsworth: 2008 Quality Water Report

Wednesday, June 24, 2009 - 2:54pm

2008 Quality Water Report

(Village of Ellsworth - Water Department)

We're pleased to present you this year's Annual Quality Water Report.  This Report is designed to inform you about the quality water and services we deliver to you every day.  Our constant goal is to provide you with a safe and dependable supply of drinking water.  We want you to understand the efforts we make to continually improve the water treatment process and protect our water resources.  We are committed to ensuring the quality of your water.  Our water is pumped from the Trempealeau and Prairie du Chien sandstone aquifer using two wells located within the Village.

I'm pleased to report that our drinking water is safe and meets Federal and State requirements.

If you have any questions about this report, or concerning your water utility, please contact Greg Engeset at 715-273-4742 - 130 N. Chestnut St. We want our valued customers to be informed about their water utility.  If you want to learn more, please attend any of our regular scheduled meetings. (They are held on the 1st Monday of the Month at 7:00 P.M. - At the Village Hall - 130 N. Chestnut St.)

The Village of Ellsworth routinely monitors for constituents in your drinking water according to Federal and State laws.  This table shows the results of our monitoring for the period of January 1st to December 31st, 2008.  All drinking water, including bottled drinking water, may be reasonably expected to contain at least small amounts of some constituents.  It's important to remember that the presence of these constituents does not necessarily pose a health risk.

Our municipal water supply monitoring schedule is based in part on a source of vulnerability assessment prepared by the Village.  A copy of this study is available at the Village Hall.  The municipal well water is vulnerable to contaminant sources in close proximity to the wells.  One potential contaminant source is unused, unsafe and non-complying private wells located within the Village.  You can help assure that our municipal water supply is safe by properly abandoning unused, unsafe and non-complying private wells.  For more information please contact the Village Hall.

The state allows us to monitor for certain contaminants less than once per year because the concentrations of the contaminants are not expected to vary significantly from year to year.  Some of our data, though representative, are more than one year old.

During year 2008 the Village of Ellsworth collected a minimum of 3 coliform bacteria samples per month and all were tested as being safe.  Also, 12 monthly samples for fluoride are taken to ensure the correct dosage is being met.  In August of '08 a fluoride sample was either not taken or was not received at the State Lab for the monthly check for quality standards.  In September of '08 the Village started to take photos of the paper work to ensure that the samples are actually taken and sent to the State Lab for testing.  The Village does daily testing for fluoride to ensure that the quality of the water is within the guidelines set by the State of Wisconsin.  We are required to monitor your drinking water for specific contaminants on a regular basis.  Results of regular monitoring are an indicator of whether or not your drinking water meets health standards.  Between 08/01/2008 and 08/31/2008, we did not monitor for fluoride contaminants, and therefore cannot be sure of the quality of your drinking water during that time.  We're proud that your drinking water meets or exceeds all Federal and State requirements.  We have learned through our monitoring and testing that some constituents have been detected.  The EPA has determined that your water IS SAFE at these levels.

The sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, and wells.  As water travels over the surface of land or through the ground, it dissolves naturally occurring minerals and, in some cases, radioactive material, and can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity.  Contaminants in drinking water include:

*          microbial contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, which may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations and wildlife.

*          inorganic contaminants, such as salts, and metals, which can be naturally-occurring or result from urban stormwater runoff, industrial, or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, and mining or farming.

*          pesticides and herbicides, which may come from a variety of sources such as agriculture, urban stormwater runoff and residential uses.

*          organic chemical contaminants, including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, which are by-products of industrial processes and petroleum production, and can also, come from gas stations, urban stormwater runoff, and septic systems.

*          radioactive contaminants, which can be naturally occurring or be the result of oil and gas production and mining activities.

*          nitrate in drinking water at levels above 10 ppm is a health risk for infants of less than six months of age.  High nitrate levels in drinking water can cause blue baby syndrome.  Nitrate levels may rise quickly for short periods of time because of rainfall or agricultural activity.  If you are caring for an infant you should seek further advice from your health care provider.

In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, EPA prescribes regulations that limit the amount of certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems.  FDA regulations establish limits for contaminants in bottled water, which must provide the same protection for public health.  All drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants.  The presence of contaminates does not necessarily indicate that the water poses a health risk.  More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Environmental Protection Agency's Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 1-800-426-4791.  Questions can also be addressed to Linda Knobelock, Wisconsin Department of Health and Family Services, at 1414 E. Washington Avenue, Room 96, Madison, WI  53707, or call 608-266-0923.

MCL's are set at very stringent levels.  To understand the possible health effects described for many regulated constituents, a person would have to drink 2 liters of water every day at the MCL level for a lifetime to have a one-in-a-million chance of having the described health effect.

Thank you for allowing us to continue providing your family with clean, quality water this year.  In order to maintain a safe and dependable water supply we sometimes need to make improvements that will benefit all of our customers.  These improvements are sometimes reflected as rate structure adjustments.  Thank you for understanding.

Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population.  Immuno-compromised persons such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk of infections.  These people should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers.  EPA/CDC guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by cryptosporidium and other microbial contaminants are available from the Environmental Protection Agency's safe drinking water hotline (800-426-4791).

Source (s) of Water

Source id Source Depth (in feet) Status

2 Groundwater 718 Active

3 Groundwater 553 Active

To obtain a summary of the source water assessment, please contact Greg Engeset at (715)273-4742 if you have any questions.

"We at the Village of Ellsworth work daily to provide top quality water to every tap," said Greg Engeset.  "We ask that all our customers help us protect our water sources, which are the heart of our community, our way of life and our children's future."

Number of Contaminants Required to be Tested

This table displays the number of contaminants that were required to be tested in the last 5 years.  The DDR may contain up to five years worth of water quality results.  If a water system tests annually, or more frequently, the results from the most recent year are shown on the CCR.  If testing is done less frequently, the results shown on the CCR are from the past five years.

Contaminant Group # of Contaminants

Inorganic Contaminants 16

Microbiological Contaminants 2

Radioactive Contaminants 3

Synthetic Organic Contaminants including Pesticides and Herbicides 23

Volatile Organic Contaminants 20


Microbiological Contaminants

Contaminant MCL MCLG Level Found Range Sample Date (if Prior to 2008) Violation Typical Source of Contaminant

Coliform (TCR) Presence of coliform 0 1 NO Naturally present in the environment

bacteria in >=5% of



Inorganic Contaminants

Contaminant (units) MCL MCLG Level Found Range Sample Date (if prior to 2008) Violation Typical Source of Contaminant

ARSENIC (ppb) 10 n/a 1 1 NO Erosion of natural deposits; Runoff from orchards; Runoff from glass and electronics production wastes

BARIUM (ppm) 2 2 .069 .052-.069 NO Discharge of drilling wastes; Discharge from metal refineries; Erosion of natural deposits.

COPPER (ppm) AL=1.3 1.3 .208 0 of 10 NO Corrosion of household plumbing systems;

Erosion of natural deposits; Leaching from results wood preservatives. were above

the action level

LEAD (ppb) AL=15 0 8.01 0 of 10 NO Corrosion of household plumbing systems;

results were above Erosion of natural deposits.

the action level

NITRATE (N03-N) 10 10 528 3.57-5.28 NO Runoff from fertilizer use; Leaching from

(ppm) septic tanks, sewage; Erosion of natural


SELENIUM (ppb) 50 50 2 1-2 NO Discharge from petroleum and metal refineries; Erosion of natural deposits; dis charge from mines.

SODIUM (ppm) n/a n/a 20.60 13.60-20.60 NO n/a

Volatile Organic Contaminants

Contaminant (units) MCL MCLG Level Found Range Sample Date (if prior to 2008) Violation Typical Source of Contaminant

TETRACHLOROE- 5 0 .1 nd -.1 NO

THYLENE (ppb) Leaching from PVC pipes; Discharge from factories and dry cleaners

TOLUENE (ppm) 1 1 .0001 nd-.0001 NO Discharge from petroleum factories

Additional Health Information

Nitrate in drinking water at levels above 10 ppm is a health risk for infants of less than 6 months of age.  High nitrate levels in drinking water can cause blue baby syndrome.  Nitrate levels may rise quickly for short periods of time because of rainfall or agricultural activity.  If you are caring for an infant you should ask advice from your health care provider.

Monitoring and Reporting Violations

Monitoring and reporting violations occur when a water system fails to collect and/or report results for State required drinking water sampling.  "Sample location" refers to the distribution system, or an entry point or well number from which a sample is required to be taken.

Contaminant Group Sample Location Compliance Period Beginning Compliance Period Ending

Fluoride Distribution System 08/01/2008 08/31/2008


Term Definition

AL Action Level:  The concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements which a water system must follow.

MCL Maximum Contaminant Level:  The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water.  MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology.

MCLG Maximum Contaminant Level Goal:  The level of contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health.  MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.

MFL Million Fibers per Liter

mrem/year millirems per year (a measure of radiation absorbed by the body)

NTU Nephelometric Turbidity Units

pCi/l picocuries per liter (a measure of radioactivity)

ppm parts per million, or milligrams per liter (mg/l)

ppb parts per billion, or micrograms per liter (ug/l)

ppt parts per trillion, or nanograms per liter

ppq parts per quadrillion, or picograms per liter

TCR Total Coliform Rule

TT Treatment Technique:  A required process intended to reduce the level of a contaminant in drinking water.

Published June 24, 2009 25 1C